Germans in World War 2 outflanked the Maginot Lines and invaded France. Maginot line was a line of defensive fortifications build before World War 2 to protect the eastern borders of France. It is 280 miles long line included bunkers, fortresses and mines. The Germans easily were able to stop hostilities and the French Army signed a truce with Germany.
Northern part of France was handed over to Germany. The French Government established a new town in the unoccupied zone during that time, which they named Vichy.
The name ‘Vichy’ actually comes from the spa town of Vichy located in Central France
Petain’s was the well-known personality and the hero of the World War 1. He became the head of Vichy Government of France and collaborated with the Nazi Germany. He was considered a symbol of stability in France during the early years of the war.
Petain’s central government was powerful. He wielded both legislative and executive powers, enacting laws without parliamentary consent. His actions were fortified by substantial support from Germany.
The most contentious and captivating facet of Vichy France lay in its collaboration with Nazi Germany. The Vichy Government actively cooperated with German authorities, leading to the deportation and persecution of Jews in concentration camps.
Vichy France implemented numerous anti-Semitic laws, including the Statute on Jews in 1940. This legislation oppressed the rights of Jewish citizens, leading to their persecution.
Vichy France stands as a painful and disastrous chapter in the history of the French Nation
Despite government collaboration, a notable resistance movement emerged against the Vichy Regime. Various groups and individuals actively resisted the regime and the German occupation.
Vichy France extended its control to the North Africa. Allies launched an operation called ‘Operation Torch’ to invade North Africa and free its control from the Vichy France. It opened the way for US armed forces to engage the fight against Nazi Germany. However, French colonies being in collaboration with the Nazi has divided the loyalties of the people of France.
Vichy Government dissolved in 1944 and France got liberation. France entered in to a new era of Collaborations with French identity and regime.
Vichy France stands as a painful and disastrous chapter in the history of the French Nation. The anti-Semitic activities that led to the Holocaust were a profound setback for France—a memory they would rather forget.