As we all know, the Communist Party of Vietnam was founded on February 3, 2, which means that by February 1930, 3, our Party will be 2 years old, and by 2025 it will be 95 years old. year old. These are brilliant milestones of great historical significance for the Party, our country and our people.
Currently, the entire Party, the entire people and the entire army are working together, taking advantage of every opportunity and advantage, overcoming all difficulties and challenges, determined to successfully implement many policies, goals and tasks. the case proposed in the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress; At the same time, launch the preparation process for party congresses at all levels, moving towards the 14th National Congress of the Party.
The 40th Congress will deeply review and evaluate the implementation of the Resolution of the 5th Congress, summarizing 2026 years of carrying out the country’s socialist-oriented renovation, thereby drawing important lessons; determine the direction, goals, and tasks of the entire Party, entire people, and entire army in the next 2030 years (10-2021); continue to successfully implement the 2030-year socio-economic development strategy (XNUMX-XNUMX).
The 2030th Congress will again be an important milestone on the path of development of our country and our people, with significance in shaping the future; Encourage, encourage and encourage our entire Party, people and army to continue steadfastly on the path to socialism, affirming that this is the right and wise choice, consistent with Vietnamese reality. and the development trend of the times; continue to comprehensively and synchronously promote the reform process and firmly protect the Fatherland; Strive by 100, the XNUMXth anniversary of the Party’s founding: Our country will be a developing country, with modern industry and high average income.
To make a practical contribution to celebrating the Party’s Founding Day on February 3, 2, arousing pride in the glorious Party, great Uncle Ho, and the heroic Vietnamese people; strengthen confidence in the Party’s leadership and the bright future of our country and our people; as well as further heighten the responsibility of cadres and party members throughout the political system, continue to promote the patriotic and revolutionary spirit of the entire nation, determined to build our country to be increasingly rich, strong, and civilized. civilized, civilized and heroic, we need to look back and evaluate objectively and comprehensively the main results, achievements and lessons learned that our Party, our country and our people have achieved. through historical paths:
(1) The Party was born, led the revolution, and seized power (from 1930 to 1945)
(2) Nationwide resistance war, restoring peace in the North (from 1946 to 1954)
(3) Building socialism in the North; struggle to liberate the South and unify the country (from 1955 to 1975)
(4) Overcoming the consequences of war, protecting the territorial integrity of the Fatherland, gradually moving towards socialism (from 1976 to 1985)
(5) Carry out the reform process, building our country to be more and more dignified, bigger and more beautiful; expanding foreign relations, proactively and actively integrating comprehensively and deeply into the world; Our country has never had the same fortune, potential, position and international prestige as it does today (from 1986 to present).
(6) From now until 2030, the 100th anniversary of the Party’s founding
From there, set out tasks and solutions to continue improving the Party’s leadership and ruling capacity; promote synchronous and comprehensive innovation; successfully implement the goal set by the 2025th Congress of the Party, which is to build our country increasingly rich, democratic, prosperous, civilized, happy, and following a socialist orientation by 2030 and 3. means. This article is one of the ideas in the above spirit and is presented in a layout consisting of XNUMX main parts as follows:
OUR PARTY IS BORN, LEADING THE FIGHT FOR NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE, LIBERATION OF THE SOUTH, AND UNITY OF THE COUNTRY
Our nation’s thousands of years of history have proven that patriotism and defense of the country, resolutely resisting foreign invaders, protecting independence, sovereignty and national unity are extremely valuable traditions of our nation.
Continuing that tradition, since the mid-19th century, when the French colonialists invaded our country, refusing to accept slavery, our people have continuously risen up to fight through continuous patriotic movements. and strong in many ways with many different tendencies.
From the path of national salvation of scholars to the peasant uprisings and the path of bourgeois revolution… despite fighting very tenaciously, with enthusiasm and making great sacrifices, due to limitations, Historically, especially lacking a correct direction, those movements have not been successful. History requires finding new paths.
In 1911, the young patriot Nguyen Tat Thanh (ie our beloved Uncle Ho) left to find a new path for the cause of national salvation and the fight for national independence.
Carrying within him a great and burning desire, he came to Marxism-Leninism and found in this revolutionary doctrine the correct path to saving the country – the path of proletarian revolution.
After many years of working abroad, he persistently researched, studied, creatively applied and gradually spread Marxism-Leninism to Vietnam, diligently preparing the necessary conditions for the establish a genuine revolutionary party.
On February 3, 2, the Conference to unify communist organizations met in Kowloon Peninsula, Hong Kong (China), under the chairmanship of leader Nguyen Ai Quoc, decided to unify the organizations. Communists in our country became a single Party, named the Communist Party of Vietnam.
This is an important historical turning point, ending the long-lasting crisis in the organization and direction of the Vietnamese revolution.
The birth of the Communist Party of Vietnam is the result of the combination of Marxism-Leninism with the workers’ movement and the patriotic movement; proving that the Vietnamese working class has matured and is capable of shouldering the historic mission of revolutionary leadership.
The Party’s first political thesis approved at the Party Establishment Conference determined the basic path of the Vietnamese revolution, meeting the urgent needs of the nation and the people’s earnest aspirations.
After being born, he was closely linked by blood and flesh to the people, and received absolute sympathy, support and trust from the people; In just 15 years, our Party has led the national liberation struggle, carrying out three revolutionary movements: the 1930-1931 revolutionary movement, culminating in the Soviet-Nghe Tinh movement; The revolutionary movement for people’s livelihood and democracy (1936-1939) and the revolutionary movement for national liberation (1939-1945), so that by 1945, when the opportunity for revolution was ripe, the Communist Party of Vietnam took the lead. led the entire Vietnamese people to achieve the victory of the August Revolution in 1945, “a landslide”, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on September 02, 9 (in 1945 we will 2025th anniversary).
Immediately after the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the revolution faced many difficulties and challenges; At the same time, we have to face “the hungry, the ignorant, and the foreign invaders”.
In that dangerous situation, the Party led our people to overcome the “dangerous” situation, resolutely protected and built the young government, and actively prepared in all aspects to enter the new era. resistance war against French colonial invasion.
Conference to establish the Communist Party of Vietnam on February 3, 2 (Photo taken of artist Phi Hoanh’s painting at the National History Museum).
On the basis of the resistance policy of “all people”, “comprehensive”, “long-term”, “relying on one’s own strength”, promoting the tradition of solidarity and patriotism of the entire nation, our Party has led Our people successively defeated all plots and invasion plans of the enemy, especially the victory in the Winter-Spring War of 1953-1954, culminating in the historic Dien Bien Phu Victory, “resplendent in five continents, shocking the world”. Earthquake”, forcing the French colonialists to sign the Geneva Agreement (1954), ending the war of aggression in Vietnam.
From 1955 to 1975, our country was divided into two regions. Under the Party’s leadership, the North has not only strived to build socialism and resist the destructive war of US imperialism, but also devoted its efforts to fulfilling the obligations of the great rear to the great front line of the South.
The people of the South continued their resilient struggle to win national independence and unify the country. With the spirit of “I would rather sacrifice everything than lose my country, definitely not be a slave”, “nothing is more precious than independence and freedom”; On the basis of the correct and creative policy of the Party, with the combined strength of the entire nation, our army and people have successively defeated the war strategies of US imperialism, completely liberated the South, and unified the South. most of the country, the country returned to one term on April 30, 4.
That victory “will forever be recorded in our nation’s history as one of the most brilliant pages, a shining symbol of the victory of revolutionary heroism and Vietnamese human intelligence, and will go down in history.” world history as a great victory of the twentieth century, an event of great international importance and profound era” (in 2025 we will celebrate the 50th anniversary).
While having to urgently overcome the extremely severe consequences left by the war, the Vietnamese people continue to face new wars.
Under the Party’s leadership, our army and people focus on socio-economic recovery, while fighting to protect the border, maintaining the independence, sovereignty, and sacred territorial integrity of the Fatherland; At the same time, fulfill international obligations to help the Cambodian people escape genocide and carry out the work of reviving the country.
Looking back at the journey from 1930 to 1975, we are very proud, confident and deeply grateful to the glorious Party and the great Uncle Ho who always wisely led the Vietnamese revolution from one resounding victory to another. other resounding benefits, continuing to write brilliant golden pages in the history of the civilized and heroic Vietnamese nation, admired and appreciated by the world: Successfully carrying out the earth-shattering August Revolution, regained power into the hands of the people, bringing our country out of colonial and imperialist slavery in 1945; The long resistance war against the French colonialists, ending with the Geneva Agreement and the victory of the famous Dien Bien Phu campaign on five continents, shook the earth; While building socialism and fighting against the destructive war of US imperialism in the North, while fighting against America to save the country, liberate the South, unify the country, ending with the Dien Bien Phu aerial campaign and historic Ho Chi Minh campaign.
THE LEADERSHIP PARTY RESOLVES THE CONSEQUENCES OF WAR; CONDUCTING INNOVATION AND INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION; BUILDING OUR COUNTRY TO BE MORE DEVELOPED AND MORE BEAUTIFUL
After the country was unified, our country had to face many very serious consequences of 30 years of war.
To overcome the consequences of war and continue to build socialism nationwide, our Party has focused on leading the construction and implementation of the 5-year socio-economic development plan for 1976-1980. and 1981-1985.
Thereby, socio-economic infrastructure, especially industrial, agricultural, medical, education-training, transportation, and irrigation facilities, have been gradually restored. The State economy and the collective economy are cared for and developed, making many contributions to the country’s development.
However, facing the new requirements of the cause of building and protecting the Fatherland in conditions where the country is at peace, in order to overcome the inadequacies of the bureaucratic and subsidized central planning mechanism, leading to the socio-economic crisis in the post-war years, on the basis of summarizing the people’s initiatives and creativity in practice, our Party has carried out the reform process, first of all renewing theoretical thinking on socialism, partly in agriculture and industry, and gradually forming the National Renovation Policy.
The 12th National Congress of the Party (December 1986), based on in-depth analysis of the country’s situation and through the process of research and practical testing, with the spirit of “looking straight at the truth” , accurately assessing the truth, stating the truth”, “innovation of thinking” has proposed a comprehensive reform policy for the country, marking an important turning point on the path to transition to socialism in Vietnam.
The 12th National Congress of the Party took place in December 1986 (Document photo).
The creation of the reform policy met the demands of historical reality, demonstrated the steadfast spirit and creative thinking of the Communist Party of Vietnam, and opened a new era for the country’s development.
After the 1991th Congress, the Party has gradually perfected and concretized the innovation path, whose basic and core content is expressed in the Platform for building the country in the transition period to socialism (Platform). 2011 and the XNUMX Supplemental and Development Platform) and important documents of the Party through Congresses.
In the 90s of the twentieth century, overcoming challenges from the collapse of the realist socialism model in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries, the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Vietnamese people were steadfast and continued to Step firmly and creatively on the path to socialism in accordance with the specific conditions and characteristics of Vietnam.
The Party Central Committee from term VI to term XIII has issued many resolutions on basic and important issues of the Party and the development of the country.
Up to now, although there are still a number of issues that need further in-depth research, we have formed a general awareness: The socialist society that the Vietnamese People are striving to build is a Association of rich people, strong country, democracy, fairness and civilization; owned by the people; has a highly developed economy, based on modern productive forces and appropriate progressive production relations; has an advanced culture, rich in national identity; People have a prosperous, free, happy life and have conditions for comprehensive development; Ethnic groups in the Vietnamese community are equal, united, respectful and help each other develop; There is a socialist law-governed state of the people, by the people, for the people led by the Communist Party; have friendly relations and cooperation with countries around the world.
To achieve that goal, we have determined the need to: Promote industrialization and modernization of the country associated with developing a knowledge economy; Developing a socialist-oriented market economy; Building an advanced culture rich in national identity, building people, improving the material and spiritual life of the people, realizing progress and social justice; Firmly ensure national defense and security, social order and safety; Implement a foreign policy of independence, autonomy, multilateralization and diversification; peace, friendship, cooperation and development, proactive and positive comprehensive and extensive international integration; Building socialist democracy, promoting the will and strength of great national unity, combined with the strength of the times; Building a socialist law-governed state of the people, by the people, for the people; Build a clean and comprehensively strong Party and political system.
The more we go into practical direction, the more our Party realizes that the transition to socialism is a long, extremely difficult and complicated cause, because it must create a profound change in economics. quality in all areas of social life.
Vietnam moved to socialism from a backward agricultural country, ignoring the capitalist regime; The production force is very low, and we have to go through decades of war, the consequences are very severe; Hostile forces often seek to sabotage, making it even more difficult and complicated, so it is necessary to go through a long transition period with many steps and many forms of economic and social organization. intertwined, there is a struggle between the old and the new.
Talk about ignoring the capitalist regime leaves ignore the regime of oppression, injustice, and capitalist exploitation; ignore bad habits, institutions, and political institutions that are not compatible with the socialist regime, not even ignore the achievements and civilized values that humanity has achieved during the period. develop capitalism.
Of course, inheriting these achievements must also be selective from a scientific and development perspective.
Introducing the concept of developing a socialist-oriented market economy is a very basic and creative theoretical breakthrough of our Party, and an important theoretical achievement over nearly 40 years of implementing the reform policy. comes from Vietnamese practice and selectively absorbs world experience.
According to our perception, a socialist-oriented market economy is a modern, internationally integrated market economy, operating fully and synchronously according to the laws of the market economy, with the management of the socialist law-governed state, led by the Communist Party of Vietnam; ensuring socialist orientation, aiming for rich people, strong country, fair, democratic and civilized society.
It is a new type of market economy in the history of development of the market economy; A type of economic organization that both follows the rules of the market economy and is based on and guided and governed by the principles and nature of socialism, expressed in all three aspects: ownership, management and distribution.
This is not a capitalist market economy and also not a fully socialist market economy (because our country is still in a transition period).
In a socialist-oriented market economy, there are many forms of ownership and many economic sectors. Economic sectors operating according to the law are all important components of the economy, with equality before the law and long-term development, cooperation and healthy competition.
In which, the state economy plays the leading role; The collective economy and cooperative economy are constantly being consolidated and developed; The private economy is an important driving force of the economy; Foreign-invested economies are encouraged to develop in accordance with socio-economic development strategies and planning.
Distribution relationships ensure fairness and create motivation for development; Implement a distribution regime mainly based on labor results, economic efficiency, and at the same time according to the level of capital contribution and other resources and distribute through the social security and social welfare system. The State manages the economy through laws, strategies, planning, plans, policies and material forces to orient, regulate and promote socio-economic development.
A basic characteristic, an important attribute of the socialist orientation in the market economy in Vietnam is to link the economy with society, unify economic policy with social policy, and promote economic growth. go hand in hand with implementing progress and social justice right in every step, every policy and throughout the development process.
That means: Do not wait until the economy reaches a high level of development before implementing social progress and justice; Let’s not “sacrifice” progress and social justice to pursue simple economic growth.
On the contrary, every economic policy must aim at social development; Each social policy must aim to create motivation to promote economic development; Encouraging legal wealth must go hand in hand with hunger eradication, sustainable poverty reduction, and taking care of people with meritorious services and those in difficult circumstances.
This is a principled requirement to ensure healthy, sustainable, socialist-oriented development.
We consider culture to be the spiritual foundation of society, the endogenous strength, the driving force for national development and national defense; Determining synchronous cultural development in harmony with economic growth, progress, and social justice is a basic orientation of the process of building socialism in Vietnam.
The culture we build is an advanced culture, rich in national identity, a culture united in diversity, based on progressive and humane values; Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s ideology play a leading role in social spiritual life; inherit and promote the good traditional values of all ethnic groups in the country, absorb the achievements and quintessence of human culture, strive to build a civilized and healthy society for the benefit of humanity. integrity and human dignity, with increasing levels of knowledge, morality, physical fitness, lifestyle and aesthetics.
Our Party always determines: People hold a central position in the development strategy; Developing culture and building people is both the goal and the driving force of innovation; Developing education – training and science – technology is a top national policy; Environmental protection is one of the vital issues, a criterion for sustainable development; Building happy families, making progress, making healthy and strong cells of society, and implementing gender equality are the criteria of progress and civilization.
A socialist society is a society oriented towards progressive and humane values, based on the common interests of the entire society in harmony with the legitimate interests of people, qualitatively different from other societies. Society competes to appropriate private benefits among individuals and groups, so it is necessary and has conditions to build social consensus instead of opposition and social antagonism.
In the socialist political regime, the relationship between the Party, State and People is a relationship between subjects united in goals and interests; All Party guidelines, policies, laws and activities of the State are for the benefit of the People, taking the People’s happiness as the goal to strive for.
The political model and general operating mechanism are the Party’s leadership, the State’s management and the People’s ownership.
Democracy is the essence of the socialist regime, both the goal and the driving force of the work of building socialism; Building socialist democracy and ensuring that power truly belongs to the people is an important, long-term task of the Vietnamese revolution.
Our Party advocates constantly promoting democracy and building a truly socialist rule-of-law State of the people, by the people and for the people, on the basis of an alliance between workers, farmers and intellectuals led by the people. The Communist Party of Vietnam leads.
The State represents the people’s right to mastery and is at the same time the organizer of implementing the Party’s guidelines; There are mechanisms for people to exercise direct ownership and representative democracy in all areas of social life and participate in social management.
We realize that the socialist rule of law state is essentially different from the bourgeois rule of law state in that: Rule of law under capitalism is essentially a tool to protect and serve the people. interests of the bourgeoisie, while the rule of law under the socialist regime is a tool to express and exercise the people’s right to mastery, ensuring and protecting the interests of the majority of the people.
Through law enforcement, the State ensures the conditions for the people to be the subjects of political power, implementing dictatorship with all actions that harm the interests of the Fatherland and the people.
At the same time, our Party determines: Great national unity is a source of strength and a decisive factor in ensuring the sustainable victory of the revolutionary cause in Vietnam; constantly promote equality and solidarity between ethnicities and religions.
Deeply aware that the leadership of the Communist Party is the decisive factor in the success of the reform process and ensuring that the country develops in accordance with the socialist orientation, we pay special attention to the work of building , rectifying the Party, considering this a key task, of vital significance to the Party and the socialist regime.
The Communist Party of Vietnam is the vanguard of the Vietnamese working class; The Party was born, exists and develops for the benefit of the working class, the working people and the entire nation.
When the Party is in power and leads the entire nation, it is recognized by the entire people as its leadership vanguard and therefore the Party is the vanguard of the working class, and at the same time the vanguard of the working people and of the entire Vietnamese people.
Saying so does not mean downplaying the class nature of the Party, but rather showing a deeper and more complete awareness of the Party’s class nature, because the working class is the class with interests. unified with the interests of the working people and the entire nation.
Our Party persistently takes Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s thought as the ideological foundation and guideline for revolutionary action, taking democratic centralism as the basic organizational principle.
The Party leads with platform, strategy, policy orientations and major policies; by propaganda, persuasion, mobilization, organization, inspection, supervision and by exemplary actions of party members; unified leadership of staff work.
Aware of the risks to the ruling party of corruption, bureaucracy, degeneration…, especially in market economic conditions, the Communist Party of Vietnam has set a requirement to regularly innovate and self-correct. Cut down and fight against opportunism, individualism, corruption, bureaucracy, waste, degeneration… within the Party and in the entire political system.
The reform process, including the development of a socialist-oriented market economy, has achieved great achievements of historical significance, truly bringing great and very good changes to society. country for nearly 40 years, contributing to “Our country has never had the same fortune, potential, position and international prestige as it does today.”
From a colonial, semi-feudal country, our country has become an independent, sovereign country; The vast country of 330.000 square kilometers from Huu Nghi Quan to Cape Ca Mau with more than 2 kilometers of coastline and geopolitical and geo-economic importance has been brought together.
Before Doi Moi (1986), Vietnam was a poor country and was severely devastated by war, leaving enormous consequences for people, property and the ecological environment.
After the war, the US and the West imposed a siege and economic embargo on Vietnam for nearly 20 years. The regional and international situation is also complicated, causing many disadvantages for us. Food and essential goods are extremely lacking, people’s lives are extremely difficult, about 3/4 of the population lives below the poverty line.
Thanks to implementing the reform policy, the economy began to develop and grew continuously at a relatively high speed over the past 40 years with an average growth rate of nearly 7% per year.
The scale of GDP is constantly expanding, reaching about 2023 billion US dollars (USD) by 430, becoming the 5th largest economy in ASEAN and 35th among the 40 largest economies in the world.
GDP per capita increases 58 times, to about 4.300 USD in 2023; Vietnam has left the group of low-income countries since 2008 and will become a high-middle income country by 2030 (about 7.500 USD).
From a country suffering from chronic food shortages, Vietnam has now not only ensured food security but also become a leading exporter of rice and many other agricultural products in the world.
Industry and services have developed quite rapidly, continuously increasing and currently account for about 88% of GDP. Total import-export turnover increases sharply, reaching nearly 2023 billion USD in 700, of which export turnover reaches over 355 billion USD, trade surplus reaches a record level of 28 billion USD; Vietnam has become the 22nd largest trading partner globally.
Foreign exchange reserves increase sharply, reaching 100 billion USD in 2023. Foreign investment continues to grow, registered capital increases by 32%, realized capital increases by 3%, reaching 23 billion USD in 2023, the highest ever now; and Vietnam has become one of the leading countries in ASEAN in attracting FDI. Vietnam’s Global Innovation Index (GII) in 2023 is ranked 46th out of 132 ranked countries by international organizations.
Currently, Vietnam is still in the golden population period with a larger population size 100 million people (in 1945, 1975, 1986 there were more than 20, 47 and 61 million people, respectively), ranking 16th in the world, including about 53 million workers aged 15 and over and 54 ethnic groups; The great solidarity of nations is constantly being consolidated and strengthened.
The quality of the population is gradually improved and enhanced in association with investment in developing the health, education, training, science and technology sectors in the spirit of prioritizing investment in developing these fields. This area is a top national policy; There are currently 12,5 doctors and 32 hospital beds per 1 people.
Along with China, Vietnam is considered by the World Bank (WB) to be two pioneering countries in educational innovation and has achieved very impressive development in this field.
Economic development has helped the country escape the socio-economic crisis of the 80s and significantly improve people’s lives.
The average poverty rate decreases by about 1,5% each year; reduced from 58% according to the Government’s old standard in 1993 to 2,93% according to the multidimensional poverty standard (higher criteria than before) in 2023.
To date, 78% of communes have met new rural standards; Most rural communes have motorable roads to the center, national electricity grid, primary and secondary schools, medical stations and telephone network.
The urbanization process is promoted in association with the process of industrialization and modernization of the country; The urbanization rate has reached about 43%; The socio-economic infrastructure system in both rural and urban areas, especially healthcare, education and training, transportation, post and telecommunications infrastructure, have all developed strongly; has put into use many modern airports and ports, more than 1.900km of highways and widespread 4G and 5G network coverage.
While there are no conditions to ensure free education for everyone at all levels, Vietnam focuses on completing illiteracy eradication, universalizing primary education by the year 2000 and universalizing lower secondary education. year 2014; The number of university and college students has increased nearly 20 times over the past 40 years.
Currently, Vietnam has nearly 99% of adults who can read and write. While it has not yet been possible to ensure the provision of free medical services for the entire population, Vietnam has expanded the scope of compulsory and voluntary health insurance, to date it has reached 93,35% (in 1993 it was only is 5,4%); At the same time, focus on strengthening preventive medicine, preventing and fighting epidemics, and supporting people in difficult circumstances.
Many diseases that were common in the past have been successfully controlled. The poor, children under 6 years old and the elderly are given free health insurance. Child malnutrition rates and infant mortality rates decreased nearly 3 times. The average life expectancy of the population increases from 62 years in 1990 to 73,7 years in 2023.
Thanks to economic development, we have the conditions to take better care of those with meritorious service, take care of Vietnamese Heroic Mothers, and take care of the graves of martyrs who sacrificed for the Fatherland. .
Cultural life has also improved significantly; Cultural activities develop richly and diversely. Currently, Vietnam has nearly 80% of the population using the Internet, one of the countries with the highest information technology development rate in the world. The United Nations has recognized Vietnam as one of the leading countries in realizing the Millennium Goals.
In 2022, Vietnam’s human development index (HDI) will reach 0,737, belonging to the group of countries with high HDI in the world, especially compared to countries with higher levels of development. Vietnam’s happiness index in 2023 is ranked 65/137 countries by organizations.
In the conditions of building and developing the country in peace, our Party still closely leads the implementation of the task of protecting the Fatherland; has promulgated and directed the successful implementation of many Fatherland protection strategies over time; The most recent is the Resolution of the 8th Central Committee, session XIII on the Strategy to protect the Fatherland in the new situation.
In it, it was affirmed: We must always maintain and strengthen the Party’s absolute and direct leadership in all aspects; the State’s centralized and unified management and administration for the cause of building and protecting the Fatherland; relying on the people, taking “the people as the root”, arousing and promoting the will of self-reliance, self-reliance, cultural traditions, patriotism, the strength of the great national unity bloc, building a “people’s heart posture” , taking “peace of the people” as the decisive factor in all victories in the cause of building and defending the Fatherland.
Focus on ensuring the highest national and ethnic interests on the basis of the basic principles of the United Nations Charter, international law, equality, cooperation, and mutual benefit; Focus on prioritizing the successful and synchronous implementation of political tasks: Socio-economic development is the center; Party building is key; Cultural development is the spiritual foundation; Ensuring national defense and security is important and constant.
Firmly pursue the goal of national independence and socialism; resolute, persistent, proactive in creating opportunities, firmly protecting independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; maintain a peaceful, stable environment and favorable conditions for building and developing the country; Closely combine two strategic tasks xBuild and protect the Fatherland.
Increase appropriate investment in building the all-people national defense, people’s security, and people’s armed forces, meeting the requirements of protecting the Fatherland early and from afar; hold water while it is not yet in danger; Absolutely do not be passive or surprised in any situation; Combining national strength with the strength of the times; Proactively and actively integrate and improve the effectiveness of international cooperation.
Thanks to that, the people’s national defense and people’s security are always consolidated, strengthened, and their effectiveness improved; National sovereignty, peaceful and stable environment are always maintained; Social order and safety are always guaranteed; The people’s army and people’s police are invested in and built to be increasingly refined, compact, and strong in terms of politics, ideology, weapons, and equipment according to the motto: People first, guns later; Step by step moving towards modernity, there are a number of armies, arms, and forces moving straight towards modernity.
Complicated situations at sea and border lines are handled flexibly, effectively and appropriately.
Measures to ensure political security, social order and safety have been strengthened; focus on suppressing all types of crimes; ensure security and safety of important political events of the country. Promptly fight and refute wrong and distorted views and ideas of hostile forces and reactionary organizations; Have frank dialogue with people who have different opinions.
Vietnam’s 2023 Global Peace Index ranks 41st out of 163 countries ranked. Our country is considered by foreign investors and international tourists to be the world’s leading attractive and safe destination.
Looking back at the past foreign policy journey, we are happy and proud to see: During nearly 40 years of innovation, our Party has inherited and promoted national identity, roots and traditions, selectively absorbing world quintessence and progressive ideology of the era, developed on the theoretical foundation of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, forming a very special and unique school of foreign affairs and diplomacy. , bearing the identity of “Vietnamese bamboo”.
It is both steadfast in principle and flexible in strategy; soft, clever but also very resilient and determined; flexible, creative but very brave, steadfast in the face of all difficulties and challenges, for the independence and freedom of the nation, for the happiness of the people; solidarity, compassion but always resolute and persistent in protecting national interests.
As a result, from a country under siege and embargo, our country has now expanded and deepened diplomatic relations with 193 countries, including 3 countries. qspecial relationship, 6 comprehensive strategic partner countries, 12 strategic partner countries and 12 comprehensive partner countries.
In particular, our country has now established comprehensive strategic partnerships or strategic partnerships with all 5 countries that are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, and expanded economic and trade relations. with 230 countries and territories.
Vietnam has been performing well in its role as a friend and reliable partner of the international community; has many initiatives, proposals and actively and effectively participates in activities of ASEAN, the United Nations and many other international organizations.
Foreign affairs activities take place very vibrantly and continuously and are the highlight of 2023 with many important and historically significant results and achievements. Senior leaders of our Party and State have paid official visits to many countries, attended many major international forums, and achieved many important results.
The organization of the very successful welcome of General Secretary and President of China Xi Jinping, US President Joe Biden, General Secretary and President of Laos Thoonglun, Chairman of the Cambodian People’s Party Hun Sen and many heads of state Countries visiting Vietnam are considered events of historical significance, contributing to affirming that “our country has never had the international position and prestige it has today”.
The great achievements of historical significance in the cause of innovation initiated by our Party and implemented by our Party leaders are the crystallized product of creativity, the result of a whole process of persistent efforts. , continuously through many terms of our entire Party, entire people, and entire army; continue to affirm that our path to socialism is correct, consistent with objective laws, Vietnamese reality and the development trend of the times; Our Party’s innovation path is correct and creative; The Party’s leadership is the leading factor determining all victories of the Vietnamese revolution.
The Party’s political platform continues to be the ideological and theoretical banner that leads our nation to firmly continue to comprehensively and synchronously promote the reform process; is the foundation for our Party to perfect its policy of building and protecting the socialist Vietnamese Fatherland in the new period.
The rich and vivid reality of the Vietnamese revolution from the day the Party was established until now has proven that the correct and wise leadership of the Party is the leading factor determining all victories of the revolution, creating many miracles. located in Vietnam.
On the other hand, through the process of revolutionary leadership, our Party is trained and increasingly mature, worthy of its role and mission of revolutionary leadership and the trust and expectations of the people.
That practice affirms a truth: In Vietnam, there is no other political force, other than the Communist Party of Vietnam, that has enough bravery, intelligence, experience, prestige and the ability to lead the country beyond through all difficulties and challenges, bringing our nation’s revolutionary cause from victory to victory.
And in that process, our Party has accumulated and learned many valuable lessons, forging glorious traditions that today we have the responsibility to try our best to preserve and promote.
It is a tradition of unlimited loyalty to the interests of the nation and class, steadfast goals and ideals of national independence associated with socialism on the basis of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s ideology. .
That is the tradition of maintaining independence and autonomy in policy; Master, apply and creatively develop Marxism-Leninism, refer to international experience to set the right guidelines and organize the effective implementation of revolutionary tasks.
That is the tradition of blood ties between the Party and the People, always taking serving the People as a reason for living and a goal to strive for.
It is a tradition of solidarity, strict and strict organization and discipline based on the principles of democratic centralism, self-criticism, criticism and love for comrades.
It is a faithful and pure tradition of international solidarity based on noble principles and goals.
With all the modesty of revolutionaries, we can still say: “Our Party is truly great! Our people are truly heroes! Our country has never had the same fortune, potential, position and international prestige as it does today.”
FURTHER PROMOTE THE PATRIOTIST TRADITION AND THE GREAT REVOLUTION, DETERMINED TO SUCCESSFULLY IMPLEMENT THE GOAL OF DEVELOPING THE COUNTRY TO 2025 AND 2030, BUILDING AN INCREASINGLY RICH AND STRONG, CIVILIZED, CONSTITUTED AND CONSTITUTED VIETNAM HERO
We are proud and confident to move forward under the glorious flag of the Party in the context of the world and domestic situation, in addition to opportunities and advantages, there will also be many great difficulties and challenges.
Around the world, strategic competition, economic competition, and trade war continue to take place fiercely; Disputes over sea and island sovereignty are becoming complicated; Military conflicts in several regions of the world impact geopolitics, geoeconomics, energy security and global supply chains; Science – technology and the Fourth Industrial Revolution are developing strongly, creating both new opportunities and challenges for all countries and peoples; Climate change, natural disasters, epidemics and traditional and non-traditional security issues are increasingly having strong and multi-faceted impacts, which can seriously threaten the stability and sustainability of the world and the region. and our country…
Domestically, we are still facing many difficulties and great challenges: To complete the socio-economic development goals set by the 6th Party Congress, the average growth rate per 2024 years 2030-8 must reach about 4,5%, the processing, manufacturing and service industry must develop more strongly, increasing by about XNUMX percentage points to contribute to economic growth.
This is a very high level, requiring us to have high determination and great effort to achieve.
The financial and monetary market, especially the real estate market, stock market, and corporate bonds, will be very complicated and pose many potential risks. The liquidity of some commercial banks is weak and large enterprises and projects will face many difficulties. Bank interest rates are still high, inflationary pressure is still high. Production and business activities in some industries and fields tend to decline; The number of businesses withdrawing from the market increased; Many businesses have had to reduce staff, reduce working hours, and lay off workers; The life of workers faces many difficulties. Disbursement of public investment capital has not met requirements.
Newly registered foreign investment capital, additional registration or capital contribution or reduced share purchase. The growth rate of state budget revenue shows signs of decline; bad debt in banks, state tax debt tends to increase; ensuring economic security, network security, social order and safety, care and protection of people’s health, etc. are still major problems with many difficulties and challenges to overcome.
Organizing the implementation of laws, policies, and performing public duties is still a weak step; Discipline and discipline in many places are not strict, and there is even a phenomenon of avoiding and shifting responsibility; Whatever is beneficial will be brought back to the agency, unit and individual; Anything that is difficult is pushed out into society, to other agencies, to other people.
Meanwhile, bad, hostile and reactionary forces continue to take advantage of this situation to promote the implementation of the strategy of “peaceful evolution”, promote “self-evolution” and “self-transformation” in the country. within us to sabotage our Party, State and regime.
The above situation requires us absolutely not to be subjective, complacent, too intoxicated with the results and achievements we have achieved, nor too pessimistic and wavering in the face of difficulties and challenges; On the contrary, it is necessary to be very calm and wise, to make good use of the results and lessons learned, and to overcome the remaining limitations and weaknesses, especially from the beginning of the XIII term to Now, to continue promoting innovation, striving, taking advantage of every opportunity and advantage; Overcoming all difficulties and challenges, successfully implementing programs, plans, goals and tasks set for the XIII term and until 2030.
In particular, it is necessary to continue to thoroughly grasp and creatively apply the lessons learned from the 13th Party Congress.
(1) The work of building and rectifying the Party and the political system must be implemented drastically, comprehensively, synchronously, regularly and effectively in terms of politics, ideology, ethics, organization and personnel. . Consistently, applying and creatively developing Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s ideology; improve the Party’s leadership, governance and fighting capacity; regularly consolidate and strengthen solidarity within the Party and political system; Strictly implement the principles of Party building and regularly innovate the Party’s leadership methods.
Building a clean and comprehensively strong State and political system; perfecting the mechanism to strictly control power: Resolutely and persistently fighting to prevent and combat recession, “self-evolution”, “self-transformation” internally; Promote the fight against corruption and negativity.
Personnel work must truly be “the key to the key”, focusing on building a team of officials at all levels, especially strategic-level officials and leaders with sufficient qualifications, capacity and prestige, to be on par. mission; promote the responsibility of setting an example for cadres and party members according to the motto that the higher the position, the more exemplary it must be, especially members of the Politburo, members of the Secretariat, and members of the Party Central Committee.
(2) In all work of the Party and State, we must always deeply grasp the viewpoint “People are the root”; truly believe, respect and promote the people’s right to mastery, persistently implement the motto “people know, people discuss, people do, people check, people supervise, people enjoy”.
The people are the center and subjects of the work of innovation, building and protecting the Fatherland; All guidelines and policies must truly come from the lives, aspirations, legitimate rights and interests of the people, taking the people’s happiness and prosperity as the goal to strive for. Tighten the close relationship between the Party and the people, rely on the people to build the Party; Consolidate and strengthen people’s trust in the Party, State, and socialist regime.
(3) In leadership, direction, administration, and implementation, there must be high determination, great effort, drastic action, dynamism, creativity, and positivity; take appropriate steps, promoting all resources, motivation and superiority of the socialist regime; promptly remove bottlenecks and problems; promote the responsibility of the leader associated with promoting the synchronous strength of the entire political system; Promoting democracy along with maintaining discipline; attach importance to practical summary and theoretical research; Carry out good coordination in leadership, management and administration; attach importance to quality and practical efficiency; create breakthroughs for development.
(4) Focus on prioritizing the building of synchronous development institutions, ensuring harmony between ksteadfast and innovative; inheritance and development; between economic innovation and political, cultural, and social innovation; between obeying market rules and ensuring socialist orientation; between economic growth and cultural and human development, solving social problems, protecting natural resources and the environment; between economic and social development and ensuring national defense and security; between independence, autonomy and international integration; between Party leadership, State management and People’s ownership; between practicing democracy and strengthening the rule of law, ensuring social discipline…
Truly appreciate and effectively promote the motivating role of people, culture, education and training, science and technology in national development.
(5) Proactively research, grasp, and accurately forecast the situation, absolutely do not be subjective, do not be passive or surprised. Resolutely and persistently protect the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Fatherland while maintaining a peaceful, stable, secure and safe environment for national development. Proactively and actively integrate comprehensively and deeply into the world on the basis of maintaining independence, self-reliance, self-reliance and self-reliance.
Properly and effectively handle relationships with major countries and neighboring countries in the spirit of being friends, reliable and responsible partners with all countries in the international community; Correctly evaluate trends and seize opportunities.
Effectively promote the combined strength of the country combined with the strength of the times. Exploit and effectively use all resources to meet the requirements of the cause of building and developing the country and protecting the Fatherland in the new situation.
Identifying those lessons is an important basis for our Party to continue to apply, promote and develop creativity in leadership and direction, helping us to be steadfast, steadfast and confident in overcoming difficulties. new difficulties, challenges and heavier tasks as the country enters a new stage of development.
At the same time, it is necessary to continue to thoroughly grasp and apply well a number of lessons learned about innovating leadership methods and working styles and practices drawn at the Central Conference mid-term term XIII:
Firstly, we must always firmly grasp and seriously comply with the Party Platform, Charter, working regulations, policies and guidelines of the Party, laws and policies of the State.
Implement well the Party’s organizational and operational principles, especially the principle of democratic centralism; unity and unity; steadfast, consistent, upholding principles in the face of difficult problems and new challenges.
For issues that are large, difficult, complex, important, urgent, sensitive, unprecedented, and have many different opinions, they need to be brought to meetings and discussed in a democratic and straightforward manner. frankly; Consider carefully and thoroughly to make timely, correct and appropriate decisions for the situation.
Second, we must closely follow the full-term working program of the Party Central Committee, Politburo, and Secretariat to build and implement annual, quarterly, monthly, and annual work programs. week according to plan; At the same time, be sensitive, flexible, and promptly adjust and supplement the work program with important, complex, and newly arising tasks in all fields to promptly and comprehensively lead and direct all activities. active in social life.
It is necessary to continue to promote new points in the XIII term, which are: The Politburo and the Secretariat have directed the organization of many national cadre conferences (in person, online) to quickly and synchronously deploy, grasp and synchronously the Resolution of the XNUMXth Party Congress, the resolutions of the Central Committee and the Politburo comprehensively in all branches, fields, areas, both vertically and horizontally; unified from the central to local levels and between localities within regions and regions.
Every month or when necessary, key leaders meet to comprehensively, specifically, and grasp the essence of the situation; exchange, discuss, and unify views, policies, and directions on major, important, and urgent issues of the Party and the country; Urging and promptly removing difficulties and obstacles to speed up the progress and efficiency of the proposed work.
After each meeting, conclusions and instructions are issued, clearly assigning responsibilities for implementation of each issue; making an important contribution to leading, directing, and operating consistently, uniformly, promptly, closely, synchronously, and smoothly, especially in the context of preventing and combating the Covid-19 epidemic and handling recent complicated situations; overcome overlaps and duplications in leadership, direction and administration; create solidarity, unity of will and action among key leaders; creating a spillover to the Politburo, the Secretariat, the Party Central Committee and the entire political system.
Third, focus on prioritizing the synchronous and quality promulgation of the legal system, regulations, rules, and working procedures for serious and unified implementation throughout the Party and the entire political system; innovate and improve the quality of implementation of the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress; There is close and rhythmic coordination, participation with high determination, great efforts of the entire political system, and unanimous solidarity of the entire Party, the entire people, and the entire army in accordance with the spirit of “The first is the first, then the second.” support”, “Nhat ho bo respond”, “Agreement from top to bottom”, “Smooth vertical and horizontal”.
Fourth, the collective Politburo, Secretariat and each member of the Politburo and Secretariat must strictly comply with the regulations and working regimes; operates on the basis of working regulations, full-term and annual work programs.
Carefully prepare the content and agenda of the meetings; arrange the content in a scientific and methodical manner; relatively reasonable time; each session solves many problems; promote collective intelligence, promote individual responsibility, discuss democratically, carefully and carefully; quickly and promptly document the meeting’s conclusions.
The assignment and decentralization in dealing with work between the Politburo and the Secretariat, between the Politburo collective, the Secretariat and individual members of the Politburo, the Secretariat in charge of each field, and the leadership relationship between the Politburo, the Secretariat and the Party unions, the Party Personnel Committee and the Party committees under the Central Government must also be clear and specific.
The Politburo and the Secretariat shall handle work according to their competence; promptly and fully report to the Central Committee of the Party on important issues before making a decision and the work that the Politburo has resolved between the two plenums of the Central Committee.
Fifth, each member of the Politburo and the Secretariat should highly promote the spirit of exemplary, regularly cultivate, practice and improve revolutionary morality; seriously self-examination, self-correction, self-criticism and criticism; maintain discipline, discipline, self-consciously accept political responsibility in the field they are in charge of; resolutely fight against individualism and other negative manifestations; preserve internal unity; ideological, political stability, correct views; exemplary in ethics and lifestyle at work and in the lives of themselves, their families and loved ones. Do your best to avoid the situation of “My feet are still covered in calves; Take the torch again and drag people’s feet!”
On that basis, focus on prioritizing the implementation of the following key tasks well:
First, about economic development: It is necessary to continue to thoroughly grasp, strictly and well implement the guidelines and guidelines of the Party and the laws and policies of the State on rapid and sustainable development.
Focusing on consolidating and strengthening the macro-economic foundation, controlling inflation, improving the internal capacity and autonomy of the economy on the basis of soundening, maintaining the stable and safe development of the system of credit institutions, the money market, the real estate market, the stock market, and corporate bonds.
Focus on prioritizing improving the business investment environment; Effectively resolve difficulties, limitations, and weaknesses, both immediate and long-term, of the economy to maintain the momentum of recovery, faster, more sustainable, and more substantial growth; create stronger changes in implementing strategic breakthroughs, restructuring the economy associated with innovating growth models, improving productivity, quality, efficiency and competitiveness of the economy.
Promote national digital transformation, develop digital economy, digital society, green economy, circular economy… associated with strengthening resource management and environmental protection.
hWho, about cultural and social development: It is necessary to pay more attention to the task of cultural and social development, harmonious and on par with economic development; ensure social security and welfare; constantly improve the material and spiritual life of the people.
Effectively implement policies to support people, workers who lose their jobs and businesses in difficulty. Taking care of the lives of people with meritorious services to the revolution and people in difficult circumstances; to build new rural areas and civilized cities in association with conservation and promotion of rural and urban values and cultural identities, job creation and sustainable poverty reduction; prioritize allocating resources for the implementation of programs, schemes and policies towards ethnic minorities and mountainous, remote, border and island areas.
Continue to do better in disease prevention and control; improve the quality of medical examination and treatment, care and protection of people’s health; ensure food hygiene and safety. Improve the efficiency of cultural institutions, especially in industrial parks and new urban areas; preserve and promote good heritage and cultural values.
Building a healthy cultural lifestyle; Prevent the deterioration of morality and lifestyle and pay more attention to preventing and combating domestic violence, child abuse and social evils.
Tuesday, on defense, security, and foreign affairs: It is necessary to continue consolidating and enhancing defense and security potentials; maintain political stability, social order and safety; improve the efficiency of foreign affairs and international integration.
Actively prevent and resolutely fight to defeat all counter-plots of hostile and reactionary forces; absolutely not to be passive, surprised in any situation.
Implement synchronously solutions to ensure political security, social order and safety; actively fight against all kinds of crimes and social evils; implementing solutions to ensure network security, traffic safety, fire and explosion prevention and control.
Well organize external activities, especially high-level foreign affairs; proactively, actively, deepen and substantive relations with partners; promote multilateral diplomacy; uphold the foreign policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, cooperation and development; multilateralization and diversification of international relations; proactively and actively integrate deeply into the international community, putting the interests of the nation and nation first and foremost. Implement effectively the signed trade agreements, taking full advantage of the benefits that these agreements can bring.
Fourth, on building the Party and political system: It is necessary to continue to promote and do better the work of building and rectifying the Party and the political system that is truly clean and strong, especially the system of legislative, executive and judicial agencies from the Central Government. to local.
Building a Government and local authorities that are truly clean, honest, strong, and operate effectively and efficiently. Specifically, there must be a program and plan to seriously and aggressively implement the Central Resolutions and conclusions on this issue, especially the 4th Central Resolution. XII and Conclusions of the 4th Central Conference, term XIII on promoting the building and rectification of the Party and the political system; Resolutely prevent, push back, and strictly handle cadres and party members who have degraded in political ideology, ethics, and lifestyle, showing signs of “self-evolution” and “self-transformation”, associated with learning. practice and follow Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, ethics, and style.
Do a better job of cadre work to properly select and arrange people who are truly virtuous, talented, honest, and dedicated; truly for the country and for the people in leadership positions of the state apparatus.
Resolutely fight to eliminate those who fall into corruption and corruption; against all manifestations of running for office, running for power, locally, preferentially recruiting unqualified relatives and relatives.
Promoting democracy, raising the sense of responsibility, setting an example; the spirit of serving the people of cadres, civil servants and public employees. There are mechanisms and policies to encourage and protect those who are dynamic, creative, dare to think, dare to do, dare to take responsibility.
Tighten discipline and discipline; regularly inspect, urge, create drastic changes in the performance of official duties; improve the ethics, culture and professionalism of cadres, civil servants and public employees.
Persistently and resolutely fighting against corruption and negativity associated with promoting the construction and improvement of laws, mechanisms and policies so that “cannot, do not dare, do not want to be corrupt”.
Fifth, on preparations for party congresses at all levels, moving towards the 14th National Party Congress: The Subcommittees preparing for the 40th Party Congress need to urgently and seriously chair and coordinate with central departments, ministries, branches, party committees and local authorities to summarize theoretical issues. and practice through 10 years of innovation, focusing on the last 2026 years; Develop quality draft documents for submission to Party Congresses at all levels and contribute to completing draft documents for submission to the 2031th National Party Congress; Do better the work of planning and the work of leading cadres at all levels, especially the planning and cadre work of the Party Central Committee, the Politburo, and the Secretariat of the 2025th term, term period 2030-XNUMX; Prepare and conduct well the party congresses at all levels for the XNUMX-XNUMX term, moving towards the XNUMXth Party Congress.
Proud and confident in the glorious Party over 30 years since its founding, poet To Huu, our famous revolutionary poet, wrote the immortal work “30 years of our life with the Party”, including paragraph:
“That is our Party, with a hundred hands and a thousand eyes
This is our Party, with bones of iron and skin of bronze
Our Party, thousands of workers and peasants
Our Party, sharing the same belief”
That pride and trust of our people in the Party has gradually been nurtured, enhanced, and increasingly stronger throughout the Party’s glorious revolutionary journey from 1930 to the present with its results and achievements. that the entire Party, the entire people, and the entire army under the Party’s wise leadership have strived to achieve in the revolutionary struggle to gain power; resistance war to build the nation; building socialism in the North; struggle to liberate the South and unify the country; overcome the consequences of war, protect the territorial integrity of the Fatherland, step by step move towards socialism; and in carrying out the reform process, building our country to be more and more dignified, bigger and more beautiful; expanding foreign relations, proactively and actively integrating comprehensively and deeply into the world; contributing to our country’s fortune, potential, position and international reputation as it is today.
Continuing on the glorious journey under the glorious flag of the Party, building and protecting our beloved socialist Fatherland of Vietnam, becoming more and more dignified, bigger and more beautiful, our Party and country. We and our people will continue to look forward to 2030, the 100th anniversary of the Party’s founding, and our country will become a country with modern industry and high average income; and by 2045, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: strive to make our country a developed, high-income country; Building our country of Vietnam to become increasingly “strong, prosperous, civilized, happy”, steadily moving towards socialism.
Proud of the glorious Party, the great Uncle Ho and the heroic Vietnamese people; Believe in the wise leadership of the true revolutionary Party and the strength of great unity of the entire civilized and heroic Vietnamese nation, the entire Party, the entire people, and the entire army are determined to build an increasingly prosperous Vietnam. rich, strong, civilized, civilized and heroic in the socialist direction.
Dr. Nguyen Phu Trong is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the highest position in Vietnam, since 2011